Finding the ideal technique to accomplish the desirable graphene patterning remains a challenge. Researchers were exploring with increased intensity is printing where liquid-phase graphene dispersions have been used to publish conductive thin films (read: “Inkjet printing of graphene for adaptive electronic equipment”). Inkjet printing, however, will not help much when attempting to develop three dimensional (3 d) graphene structures. This is the area where 3d printing comes from. Applying 3D printing theories into nano technology could bring similar advantages to nanofabrication — speed, less waste, economical viability — than it really is predicted to create about manufacturing technologies. All these 3D printing techniques are currently reaching a stage where desired products and structures might be made independent even bioprinting tissue and organs that are entire is in the world of the potential.
Theses novel 3 d printable graphene inks are rather easy to produce a fashion that is searchable, can be rapidly fabricated to an infinite range of forms (like patient certain implants), and also are additionally surgically friendly (may be trimmed to size and sutured to neighboring tissue).
It had been understood previously that graphene and conductive substances could influence cell behavior, especially those connected with neurogenic stem cell lines. Many studies used but are difficult to translate clinically.
An extremely intriguing result for stem cell researchers is your demo of neurogenic differentiation of adult mesenchymal stem cells without added biological factors — such as neural growth factor — or electric stimulation (unlike nerve stem cells, adult mesenchymal stem cells are a more translatable cell origin as they are readily accessed from patients).
“In our experiments, we have proven the ability of 3DG scaffolds to cause neurogenic differentiation of adult mesenchymal stem cells with no need for just about any other neurogenic growth factors or outside stimuli,” Shah points out. “This really is a significant finding that encourages the use of materials themselves for causing specific cellular responses that can be leveraged for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications.”
The researchers’ results indicate that the distinctive physiological, electric, and biological components of 3DG can open the doorway to treating an assortment of medical problems requiring the regeneration of damaged, degenerated, or even differently nonfunctional electrogenic cells such as bone, or coronary and visceral fat.
Beyond regenerative medicine software, you’ll find a number of other potential medical applications including using 3DG in implantable biosensors and/or electric devices. Outside of medicine, there’s potential for 3DG for use for biodegradable electronic equipment or sensors within consumer products.